Strategies for Sustaining Growth of Income from Knowledge Exchange across Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in the UK Public incentives for knowledge exchange (KE) seek to develop academic engagement, remove obstacles to collaboration, and embed a culture of enterprise across the HE sector. KE activities are also a source of income for HEIs and reached £3.57bn in 2012-13.

This report analyses patterns of and reasons for sustained growth of KE income across British HEIs in recent years. The exchange of knowledge between universities and the wider economy and society encompasses a wide variety of activities, some of which are easier to observe (and count) than others.

The analysis offers new evidence on the patterns of and reasons for sustained growth of KE income across HEIs in the UK. More and better evidence of the benefits of academic activity outside academia is continuously needed by policy makers to justify the presence of dedicated incentives for KE activities, but evidence of progress may also be of use for the purpose of allocating these funds.